The hub of information on our website, the blog contains posts with announcements, news and events, articles, periodicals and additions or updates to our website.

This page contains all published posts sorted chronologically with the newest at the top.

New Column: Ask a Mentor

We have added a new regular feature to our blog of particular interest to current volunteers. The Ask a Mentor column by Dot Binger—previously appearing in The Guardian newsletter—provides a mentor's answer to a specific question asked by a volunteer.

We hope that by providing this resource on our website, volunteers and interested parties can get answers to their questions more quickly and easily. You can subscribe to our RSS feed and follow us on Twitter to get the latest updates.

Read the first two Ask a Mentor columns published—here and here—and submit your questions (use the subject "Ask a Mentor").

Ask a Mentor: Dealing with a Difficult Case

Volunteer Question

I'm reluctant to talk about this, but it is bothering me a great deal. I'm having real trouble learning to like the child in my case, "Mark," an 11-year-old boy. There are several children in the home, and he manipulates all of them. He tries it with me too. He has several other traits which really concern me. The caregivers don't seem to let these traits bother them and say they just deal with any misbehavior when it occurs.

When I talked with the therapist he said that he had only seen Mark twice. I am aware that Mark has a very troubled history, and I know that liking the child is not my focus. But I'm concerned whether I am being sufficiently objective in determining what is in his best interest. I have really started dreading my visits, and I feel so guilty about my feelings.

Mentor Answer

This is something that can happen. Don't punish yourself about it. Talk with your volunteer supervisor and together decide whether it would be better for you to take another case and let this one be assigned to someone else. With the information you provide, the volunteer supervisor may be able to involve a guardian ad litem who is uniquely suited to this situation. We want the child to have the best possible representation and for you to have a satisfying experience so that you don't become discouraged.

If you do give up the case, be sure to have your file updated so that the new guardian can get a better start. Check to see that you have included case notes that document everything you have done, copies of emails and copies of all your child visit reports. If you are not in the habit of printing the documents scanned to you from the guardian ad litem office, the volunteer supervisor can supply those. I hope that you and your volunteer supervisor can resolve this—both to your satisfaction and to the benefit of the child.

Ask a Mentor: Visit Length

Volunteer Question

I'm concerned that all my recent visits to my child have been for only about fifteen minutes. I arrange to visit in advance and go with the intent of staying longer. I'll just get started playing a computer game which "Jesse" likes and the caregiver will say, "Oh, Jesse needs to change to his Cub Scout uniform as we need to leave in a few minutes." The next time it will be something else which cuts short the visit. Sometimes she apologizes, but basically she seems to think this is okay.

Mentor Answer

Yes, I would be concerned too if I could see my child for only fifteen minutes a month! It also raises a question of whether the caregiver is manipulating circumstances to make the visits short. At any rate, the next time you call to arrange your visit stress to her that you want to set a time when there will be no problem for you to stay an hour—at least 45 minutes.

You may need to remind her that you are required to make these visits and that they need to be more than token contacts with Jesse. In fifteen minutes, you barely have time to learn that he appears okay. You can't observe much about how he is relating to other children in the home or how he is relating to the caregiver. He isn't warmed up enough to talk about school, other activities or anything that might be troubling him.

If a guardian ad litem happens to be working on a case where visitation is needed several times a month, then shorter visits part of the time may be adequate. Remind the caregiver that occasionally you will visit Jesse at school or daycare if a younger child. Likewise, if the caregiver is not a parent then some of your visits can be to observe his visitation with the parent. When your monthly visit is at the caregiver's then do stay about an hour most of the time.

Help Wanted: New Volunteers

We need new volunteers to help us meet our goal of ensuring every child in need has a guardian ad litem. To help train new volunteers as quickly as possible, an additional pre-service training program has been scheduled for December 2011.

This training will take place over three days instead of the typical six. Apply to volunteer now and register for the training.

  • Volunteer Training: December 2011
  • Saturday, December 3, 2011, 9:00 AM–4:30 PM Icon: Event iCalendar Download
  • Monday, December 5, 2011, 5:30–9:00 PM Icon: Event iCalendar Download
  • Wednesday, December 7, 2011, 5:30–9:00 PM Icon: Event iCalendar Download

On average, guardians ad litem devote approximately six hours per month and while doing so create relationships that can make a huge impact on children's lives.

To become a guardian ad litem, you must be at least twenty-one years old, pass a criminal background check and complete the thirty-hour pre-service training program to become certified.

In Print: Deborah Moore

Our very own Circuit Director Deborah Moore was twice published in recent editions of the Tallahassee Democrat.

Her article entitled "To accomplish more good, Guardian ad Litem needs you" was featured in yesterday's Opinion section and her letter to the editor was published on October 17, 2011.

Both are presented below in case you missed them.

To accomplish more good, Guardian ad Litem needs you
By Deborah Moore

Monday, October 31, 2011
Tallahassee Democrat
Opinion/My Word

I am for the child. Will you be for the child, too?

The child I am for is special. She is the little girl who has already suffered in an abusive home, enters the foster care system and is placed in three or four different homes and schools within just a few months. He is the little boy who witnessed a terrible assault on one of his parents. They are the brother and sister whose mother has just been sentenced to prison and who have been split up and reside in different counties.

Thankfully, most people do not know these children. I do. As I write this, there are hundreds of them in Leon and the adjacent counties. I know them all.

These children are served by the Guardian ad Litem Program, which trains and supports volunteers to speak for and advocate for abused and neglected children. These volunteers are people like you and me who look out for the best interests of the child.

The foster care and child welfare system is full of compassionate lawyers, judges, social workers and foster families, but the intense need can strain the system, making it difficult to protect the rights of each child. What are these rights? To be safe. To be treated with dignity. To be loved. To have friends and live in a home with a real family so the child can thrive. Every child deserves a chance to flourish. A child cannot defend his or her rights, but a Guardian ad Litem volunteer can.

With the help of a Guardian ad Litem volunteer, children have better outcomes. Based on national studies, a child with a volunteer is half as likely to languish in the foster care system, and much more likely to find a safe and permanent home. A child with a volunteer is less likely to return to the child welfare system after going home. Protected and nourished while coming through a period of vulnerability and fear, the child can better achieve his or her potential. These former foster kids may become our future doctors, teachers and leaders.

Every day I see first-hand the transformative impact a Guardian ad Litem volunteer can have on a child. Just the other day, while at the grocery store, I ran into Dot Binger, a Guardian ad Litem volunteer for more than 20 years. With the enthusiasm of a new volunteer assigned to her first case, Dot shared an update about her Guardian ad Litem 17-year-old. After providing two years of advocacy, she saw him recently adopted by a wonderful couple. One person can effect change and make a life-long difference for a child, and Dot has done so. Dot is for a child. She is one of our everyday heroes.

Our goal is that every child in the foster care and child welfare system has a qualified Guardian ad Litem volunteer looking out for his or her best interests.

Currently, with the support of about 310 volunteers, we are serving about 530 children in Franklin, Gadsden, Jefferson, Leon, Liberty and Wakulla counties. To serve 100 percent of the children in our area, we need more volunteers. This is our challenge. It is achievable, but only if you or someone you know agrees to join our ranks and to stand up for the rights of a child.

We know what needs to be done. Doing it is the hard part.

Please visit the Guardian ad Litem Web site at and learn how you can help. Then call me and say, "I am for the child."

To find out more about Guardian ad Litem, go to

Deborah Moore is circuit director for the Second Judicial Circuit Guardian ad Litem Program. Contact her at

Copyright © 2011, Tallahassee Democrat. All Rights Reserved.

Make a difference; help Guardian ad Litem
By Deborah Moore

Monday, October 17, 2011
Tallahassee Democrat
Opinion/Letters to the Editor

Each year, Make a Difference Day is celebrated nationwide on the fourth Saturday of October. On Oct. 22, millions of Americans will become volunteers and support a program in their community.

In the Second Judicial Circuit Guardian ad Litem Program, which includes Leon, Gadsden, Wakulla, Jefferson, Franklin and Liberty counties, there are nearly 520 abused and neglected children whose cases are involved with the courts. Many of them, who are under 10 years of age, have been removed from their homes because of serious neglect.

Children involved with the court and child-welfare system are full of potential but, regrettably, the absence of a capable adult presence and safe and stable home threatens who they are and what they will become.

These children need a tenacious advocate to speak up for them. They need someone who can help protect their most fundamental human rights and overcome their circumstances.

This year, as we observe Make A Difference Day, I hope your readers will see this as the perfect time to support children in our community by becoming a volunteer with the Guardian ad Litem program.

Circuit Director
Guardian ad Litem

Copyright © 2011, Tallahassee Democrat. All Rights Reserved.

New Events: Recruitment Coffees, Guardian ad Litem Day

We regularly host a variety of events to provide community outreach, raise awareness of our program, recruit new volunteers, fund raise and furnish training to our volunteer guardians ad litem. The following events have been recently added to our calendar.

Volunteer Recruitment Coffees
Have your questions answered, talk to current volunteers and learn about our program at our monthly Volunteer Recruitment Coffee. Members of our Volunteer Recruitment Committee will be on hand to discuss the rewards of becoming a guardian ad litem and guide you through the application process.

Guardian ad Litem Day at the Capitol
The Statewide Guardian ad Litem Program announced the next Guardian ad Litem Day will be held on Thursday, February 9, 2012 starting at noon. This annual event brings volunteers, members of the community and legislators together to discuss and expand awareness of the needs of Florida's dependent children as well as honor the achievements of the program.

Welcome to Our New Website!

Original Photo Credit: Sarah Gilbert --- truman doing his homework

On behalf of the Second Judicial Circuit Guardian ad Litem Program, I welcome you to our new website!

Redesigned from the ground up, our new home on the internet offers a clean and modern appearance while providing access to complete information about our program, its history, our events, volunteers, community supporters and much more.

New features include a comprehensive events calendar; event flyers; online continuing education form; this blog; full-text searches; RSS feeds of the blog, blog comments and events calendar; iCalendar downloads for events; improved navigation; and a customized visual theme.

In addition, you can now replace with in any site URL for situations where short links are preferred. For example, is the same as Blog posts have another short link as well; each post's date contains it. For example, is the short link for this post.

Your feedback and questions are welcome. You can visit the Help page for assistance; contact us by mail, telephone or email; or post a comment below.

Thank you for visiting and I hope you enjoy the new website.

Take 5: to Learn About When Old Enough Is Old Enough


Does the State of Florida specify an age at which it is legal to leave a child home alone? For example, when you go to the grocery store, a part time job or the child gets home before you do. What about going to places like public parks or to the mall alone?


The state of Florida does not have a law or policy that establishes a specific age at which a child may be left alone without adult supervision or be responsible for the care of another child (babysitting, for example). This decision must be based on each child's individual characteristics, such as level of maturity, knowledge and capabilities. This decision also depends on other variables, such as the geographic location of the home; proximity to an adult who could help in case of an emergency or other immediate need; or the availability of communication. Additional examples to consider are the distance to the nearest adult neighbor, availability of transportation and access to a telephone in the event of a crisis.

Such variables and considerations, as a part of a parent's or caregiver's overall decision making, apply to circumstances in which children are allowed to participate in activities or to visit certain locations without adult supervision. Examples are allowing children to visit public parks, pools, malls, movie theatres, etcetera, without a specific, responsible adult accompanying them. Such places add an additional element of possible harm to children due to the potential for predators or accidents.

While there is no stated age limitation in the state of Florida for allowing a child to be left without adult or other competent supervision, in general, parental responsibility in evaluating whether his or her child is of sufficient age, competence, maturity, etcetera, should consider the following factors, noting that this list not exhaustive nor all-encompassing.

  • Child's competence: age, maturity, behavior, habits, special needs and reaction to the supervision plan.
  • Immediate environment: home conditions, neighborhood, time of day, duration and frequency of time without supervision.
  • Presence and accessibility of a capable adult or person to assist with special problems; accessibility of the parent or other parent; and a plan to handle emergencies.
  • Responsibility and expectations; care for other children; cooking and using appliances.
  • Resources available to the parent to improve the supervision plan, if needed.

In essence, a parent or caregiver should consider whether the quality of the supervision plan places the child or children at risk of imminent and serious harm after evaluating his or her child's age, developmental needs, competence, maturity, environment, accessibility to a capable person to assist, etcetera.

There are many articles, publications and resources that might help you decide if your child, regardless of age, is mature enough to safely be left at home alone and to help you prepare your child for this step. Two related online resources for your review follow.

Please remember that if at any time you believe any child is being abused and/or neglected—without adequate supervision, for example—you should immediately call the Florida Abuse Hotline at (800) 962-2873.

The Florida Abuse Hotline also provides the following guidance on their website regarding age factors and children left alone or without appropriate supervision.

How old does a child have to be to be left home alone?

Chapter 39 of the Florida Statutes mandates that the Hotline be contacted when any person who knows, or has reasonable cause to suspect, that a child of any age is being left home alone without adult supervision or arrangements appropriate for the child's age or mental or physical condition, so that the child is unable to care for the child's own needs or another's basic needs or is unable to exercise good judgment in responding to any kind of physical or emotional crisis.

The Hotline Counselor will assess the information provided in the call and make a determination of report acceptance or non-acceptance based on statutory criteria.

For more information on this or other topics, please contact our friends at Florida's Center for the Advancement of Child Welfare Practice.

Take 5: to Learn About Educational Plans

Today's topic is education plans available for all school-age children. Learn more about this important tool, review them for your children (GAL or otherwise) and be sure that schools are following their plans.


What is an educational plan and who needs one?


An educational and career path plan is necessary for each child in foster care age thirteen and older. Developed with the youth, their foster parent, the case manager and the school, each plan should outline the youth's post-secondary goals and the path to achieving those goals. Thereafter, plans should be reviewed at each Judicial Review hearing.

The 2006 Legislature passed House Bill 7087 (A++) which included changes to the middle grades promotion requirements. One requirement states that students entering the sixth grade in 2006 must enroll in a semester-long course in career and education planning to be completed in the seventh or eighth grade.

As part of the course, students will develop a career and education plan using Florida CHOICES Planner or another career information system such as ePersonal Education Planner (ePEP). Schools must use one of the approved courses to meet this requirement. Some of the approved courses are designated as year-long. In those cases, the classroom teacher can determine which semester to implement the career and education content.

The Educator's Toolkit on Career and Education Planning was developed to assist teachers in planning a comprehensive middle school career course. It provides easy access to classroom activities, lesson plans and related web-based resources. Each module includes a module description, lesson plans with student handouts, recommended websites for additional information and a glossary for the unit.

  1. § 409.1451(3)(b)(1), Florida Statutes (2011).
  2. Florida Department of Education
  3. Florida's Center for the Practice of Child Welfare Practice